The Growing Movement: Where is Human Composting Legal and What You Need to Know

Where is Human Composting Legal?

In recent years, there has been a growing interest in sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives to traditional burial methods. One such alternative that has gained attention is human composting. This unique approach allows for the natural decomposition of human remains and contributes to soil regeneration. However, the legality of human composting varies from country to country and even within different regions. In this blog post, we will explore where exactly human composting is legal.

United States

The United States has been at the forefront of discussions surrounding green burial options, including human composting.

As of [current year], two states have legalized human composting: Washington and Colorado.


In 2019, Washington became the first state in the United States to legalize human composting through Senate Bill 5001—also known as “The Recomposition Act.” This law allows for both cremation and alkaline hydrolysis (also known as liquid cremation) as environmentally friendly alternatives to traditional burial or cremation methods.

The Recomposition Act sets forth specific guidelines and regulations regarding the process itself, ensuring safety standards are met. It requires licensed facilities to manage these practices under strict supervision by professionals trained in organic reduction techniques.


A few months after Washington’s groundbreaking legislation, Colorado followed suit by passing its own law—the Human Remains Natural Reduction Process—making it legally possible for individuals residing in Colorado to choose human composting as their preferred method of disposition upon death.

Countries Outside the United States

Beyond U.S. borders, several countries have also embraced or shown interest in legalizing human composting:


While human composting is not yet legal throughout Canada, the province of Ontario has been actively considering its implementation. In 2021, a private member’s bill called “The Human Composting Act” was introduced in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario. Although it has not become law yet, this initiative showcases growing support and interest in legalizing human composting within the country.


In Australia, there are currently no specific laws addressing or legalizing human composting at a national level. However, some states have shown openness to exploring sustainable burial practices. For instance, South Australia permits natural burials that prioritize ecological preservation and may potentially include future regulations allowing for human composting.

The Future of Human Composting

As attitudes towards death and burial continue to evolve, it is likely that more regions will consider legalizing human composting as an eco-friendly alternative.

In addition to the aforementioned locations where human composting is already legalized or being considered, other countries such as New Zealand and Sweden have also begun discussions on potential legislation regarding this practice.

It is essential to note that while legality plays a significant role in determining whether one can choose human composting as their preferred method of disposition after death, local regulations may vary even within countries with existing laws. It’s always advisable for individuals interested in green burial options like human composting to consult local authorities or seek advice from professionals well-versed in sustainable funeral practices.

Closing Thoughts

The acceptance and legalization of innovative burial methods like human composting reflect society’s increasing focus on sustainability even beyond our lifetime.

If you find yourself considering environmentally friendly alternatives for your own end-of-life plans, it’s valuable to stay informed about changes in laws and regulations surrounding human composting. While the practice may not yet be widely available, knowing where it is legal can guide your decision-making process.

Remember, our choices regarding death care have the potential to positively impact the environment and contribute to a more sustainable future.