Exploring What’s in Compost for Healthy Gardens and Sustainable Living

The Benefits of Composting: What’s in Compost?

Composting is not just a trend; it is a sustainable practice that helps to reduce waste and enrich soil. Whether you’re an avid gardener or simply looking for ways to minimize your carbon footprint, composting has significant environmental benefits. In this blog post, we will explore what exactly goes into compost and how it can transform your garden into a thriving oasis.

1. Organic Matter

The fundamental ingredient in compost is organic matter. This includes various materials such as kitchen scraps, yard trimmings, leaves, grass clippings, sawdust, and even shredded paper or cardboard. Essentially anything that was once alive or derived from living organisms can be added to the compost pile.

2. Kitchen Scraps

Kitchen scraps are an excellent source of nitrogen-rich materials for your compost pile. Vegetable peelings, fruit cores and rinds, coffee grounds, tea bags (remove staples), eggshells – these items are all fantastic additions to create nutrient-rich compost.

3. Yard Trimmings

If you have a backyard with trees or shrubs that require pruning or trimming regularly, don’t let those trimmings go to waste! Branches cut into small pieces along with grass clippings make valuable contributions to your compost mix.


Fall season brings beautiful foliage but also heaps of leaves on the ground. Instead of bagging them up and sending them off to landfills where they produce harmful methane gas when decomposing without oxygen supply (anaerobic decomposition), utilize these fallen leaves by adding them as “brown” ingredients in the composter.

5.Grass Clippings

After mowing your lawn, collect the grass clippings and add them to your compost pile. Grass clippings are rich in nitrogen, which is essential for a healthy compost environment.


If you have access to untreated wood or sawdust from woodworking projects, it can be used sparingly in small amounts as a carbon source. Remember to avoid using sawdust from pressure-treated wood or any other chemically treated lumber.

7.Shredded Paper and Cardboard

To balance the moisture content and provide additional carbon-rich materials, shredded paper or cardboard works wonders. Newspaper, junk mail (minus plastic windows), cereal boxes – tear these materials into smaller pieces before adding them to the compost bin.

The Composting Process

Now that we know what goes into compost let’s take a closer look at how it all comes together:

Aeration and Moisture

To help facilitate decomposition efficiently, proper aeration and moisture levels within the compost pile are crucial. Regularly turning or “fluffing” the mixture allows oxygen to circulate through the organic matter while maintaining appropriate moisture prevents it from drying out or becoming overly saturated.

Mixing Greens and Browns

An ideal ratio for successful decomposition is roughly 50% green matter (nitrogen-rich) and 50% brown matter (carbon-rich). This equilibrium ensures balanced nutrient composition while avoiding potential issues like foul odors due to high nitrogen levels causing anaerobic conditions or slow decomposition due to excessive carbon content.

The Final Product: Rich & Nutrient-Dense Compost

  • Resilient Soil Structure: Compost enhances soil structure, improving its ability to retain water and nutrients while preventing erosion.
  • Nutrient-Rich Environment: The organic matter in compost releases essential macronutrients (e.g., nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) into the soil, supporting healthy plant growth.
  • Biodiversity Support: Creating a thriving habitat for beneficial microorganisms improves overall soil health and contributes to biodiversity conservation.
  • Eco-Friendly Alternative: Composting reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills which in turn minimizes greenhouse gas emissions and helps combat climate change.

In summary, composting is an eco-friendly practice that transforms everyday kitchen scraps and yard trimmings into nutrient-rich humus. By understanding what goes into your compost pile and following proper techniques for maintenance, you can contribute to a healthier environment while reaping the rewards of vibrant gardens or flourishing potted plants! Start composting today!