Maximizing Composting Potential: Discover What You Can Compost for a Greener Lifestyle

What You Can Compost: A Comprehensive Guide to Sustainable Gardening


Composting is a simple yet effective way to recycle organic waste and create nutrient-rich soil for your garden. By diverting kitchen scraps and yard trimmings from landfills, you not only reduce greenhouse gas emissions but also produce a natural fertilizer that improves the health of your plants. In this blog post, we will discuss what items can be composted and explore some tips on how to create the perfect compost pile.

The Basics of Composting:

Before delving into what can be composted, let’s go over the basics of composting. Composting involves combining organic matter such as fruit peels, coffee grounds, leaves, grass clippings, and more in a designated area or bin. Over time, microbes break down these materials through decomposition, resulting in humus-like matter known as compost.

Fruit and Vegetable Scraps:

One of the most common types of compostable material is fruit and vegetable scraps. These include banana peels, apple cores, carrot tops, onion skins – basically anything that comes from fresh produce. Remember to remove any stickers or non-organic elements before adding them to your compost pile.

Tips for Fruit and Vegetable Scraps:

– Chop larger pieces into smaller chunks for faster decomposition.
– Avoid adding diseased or moldy fruits/vegetables as they may introduce pathogens to your compost.

Coffee Grounds and Tea Bags:

Coffee grounds are an excellent addition to your compost pile since they contain valuable nitrogen that helps speed up the decomposition process. Similarly, used tea bags (minus any staples) provide nitrogen-rich content while introducing beneficial bacteria.

Tips for Coffee Grounds and Tea Bags:

– Spread coffee grounds evenly throughout your compost pile to avoid clumping.
– Tear open tea bags and empty the contents, discarding any non-compostable elements.

Plant Trimmings:

When you prune trees, bushes, or flowering plants, don’t throw away those trimmings! Woody plant material such as branches and twigs can be added to your compost pile after being chopped or shredded. Other green garden waste like grass clippings and leaves are also great sources of nitrogen-rich matter.

Tips for Plant Trimmings:

– Shred larger woody materials into smaller pieces to speed up decomposition.
– Mix equal parts of brown (dry) material like leaves with green (fresh) material like grass clippings for optimal composting.


Eggshells provide a valuable source of calcium carbonate that benefits soil pH levels. Rinse them thoroughly before crushing them into small pieces and adding them to your compost pile. Remember to remove any residual egg whites or yolks.

Tips for Eggshells:

– Crush the eggshells finely to accelerate breakdown during the composting process.
– Avoid using shells from eggs that have been cooked, as they may attract pests.

Paper Products:

Items such as newspaper, cardboard, paper towels, and napkins can all be recycled in your compost pile due to their high carbon content. Tear these items into smaller strips or shreds before incorporating them into your compost bin.

Tips for Paper Products:

– Avoid glossy papers or those coated with plastic coatings since they take longer to decompose.
– Wetting paper scraps slightly helps prevent it from blowing away when added to the compost heap.


In conclusion, understanding what you can compost is crucial for successful sustainable gardening. By incorporating fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, plant trimmings, eggshells, and paper products into your compost pile, you are not only reducing waste but also creating a valuable resource for nourishing your plants. Remember to maintain a proper balance of carbon-rich (brown) materials with nitrogen-rich (green) materials for optimal decomposition. Take the first step towards a more eco-friendly lifestyle by starting your own composting journey today!