Boost Your Compost Bin’s Potential: Discover What to Add for Optimal Nutrient-Rich Results!

What to Add to Your Compost Bin: A Comprehensive Guide


Composting is a fantastic way to reduce waste, enrich your garden soil, and contribute to a healthier environment. Whether you’re an experienced composter or just getting started, knowing what items are suitable for your compost bin is essential. In this blog post, we’ll provide you with a comprehensive guide on what you should add to your compost bin.

The Basics of Composting

Before diving into the specifics, let’s quickly review the basics of composting. Composting involves creating an optimal environment for organic materials to decompose naturally. It requires the right balance of green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials, as well as moisture and oxygen.

Green Materials

When it comes to adding green materials in your compost bin:

Fruit and Vegetable Scraps:

Fruit peels, vegetable trimmings, cores, or other kitchen scraps make excellent additions to your compost pile. Remember to remove any stickers or packaging before tossing them in.

Coffee Grounds:

Used coffee grounds are rich in nitrogen and can greatly benefit your compost pile. Just be sure not to overload it with excessive amounts – moderation is key!


Crushed eggshells add calcium carbonate to the mix while also helping prevent odors from forming within the bin.

Brown Materials

To maintain a proper carbon-to-nitrogen ratio within your compost bin:

Dry Leaves:

Fallen dry leaves are readily available during autumn months and act as excellent sources of carbon material.

Newspaper/Shredded Paper:

Uncoated newspaper or shredded paper can be used sparingly to add carbon. Avoid using glossy paper or anything coated with colors.


If you have access to straw or hay, they can serve as brown materials in your composting process.

Avoid These Items

While it’s important to know what you should add to your compost bin, it’s equally crucial to be aware of what should never find its way into the mix:

Meat and Dairy Products:

These items tend to attract pests and produce unpleasant odors when decomposing. To keep your compost healthy and balanced, avoid adding any meat or dairy products.

Oily Foods:

Greasy food waste like cooking oil, butter, or salad dressings can disrupt the balance within your compost pile by impeding airflow. Therefore, steer clear of these items.

Invasive Weeds:

Including weeds that propagate easily can lead to unwanted plants sprouting in your garden once you use the compost soil. It’s best not to risk it!

Troubleshooting Your Compost Bin

Sometimes things may not go according to plan with your compost bin. Here are a few quick tips for troubleshooting common issues:

Odor Issues:

If unpleasant smells arise from your compost bin, make sure it has enough oxygen and consider adding more dry brown materials (carbon) while avoiding overloading green materials (nitrogen).

Pest Problems:

To deter pests like rodents or flies from invading your compost area, bury fresh kitchen scraps under existing layers of organic material within the bin.

Lack of Decomposition Progress:

In case decomposition seems stalled, ensure adequate moisture levels by watering regularly but avoiding excessive saturation. Also check if the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio is balanced – aim for roughly 25-30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen.


Composting is a rewarding and sustainable practice that anyone can adopt. By knowing what to add (and avoid) in your compost bin, you’ll ensure the optimal conditions for decomposition. Remember to maintain the right balance of green and brown materials, monitor moisture levels, troubleshoot issues promptly, and soon enough, you’ll have nutrient-rich compost ready to enhance your garden soil naturally!