Unlock the Potential: Discover What Food You Can Compost and Reduce Waste!

Welcome to our blog: What Food Can You Compost?

Composting is a sustainable and eco-friendly way to reduce waste and enrich your garden soil. By composting leftover food scraps, you can divert them from ending up in landfills while creating nutrient-rich compost that benefits your plants. However, not all food items are suitable for composting. In this post, we will guide you through the dos and don’ts of composting various types of food.

The Basics of Composting

Before delving into specific foods, let’s cover the basics of composting. Composting involves breaking down organic materials such as kitchen scraps, yard waste, and paper products into a dark, crumbly substance called humus. This rich humus acts as a natural fertilizer when added to your gardens or potted plants.

Foods That Are Ideal for Composting

Fruit and Vegetable Scraps

Leftover fruit peels, vegetable trimmings, cores, seeds (non-hybrid), rinds—almost all fruit and vegetable scraps make excellent additions to your compost pile. Remember to chop larger pieces into smaller ones before adding them; this helps speed up the decomposition process.

Coffee Grounds and Filters

If you’re an avid coffee drinker or run a café business, rejoice! Coffee grounds are highly beneficial for composting due to their high nitrogen content—a crucial element required for healthy microbial activity in the decomposition process. Be sure to include used coffee filters too!


Rinse out eggshells after use and crush them before tossing them into your composter or bin. Eggshells add calcium carbonate to the mix—an essential mineral that helps balance pH levels in your compost.

Tea Leaves and Bags

After you’ve enjoyed a soothing cup of tea, don’t throw away those used tea leaves or bags. Both can be tossed into your compost bin. Tea leaves provide nitrogen while the bags made from natural materials like paper or cotton decompose readily and add bulk to the pile.

Foods That Are Tricky for Composting

Meat, Fish, and Dairy Products

Avoid adding meat, fish scraps, bones, or any dairy products (such as cheese) to your compost pile. These items tend to attract pests like rodents or raccoons and may create unpleasant odors if not properly managed. It’s best to keep these out of your compost altogether.

Oily Foods

Foods soaked in oil such as greasy pizza boxes should be kept away from your composting efforts. Oils hinder proper airflow within the pile and can lead to undesirable results like an imbalance between carbon and nitrogen ratios—essential for successful decomposition.

The Importance of Proper Composting Practices

To ensure healthy decomposition and avoid unpleasant odors or pest infestations:

Maintain a Balanced Carbon-to-Nitrogen Ratio (C:N)

The ideal C:N ratio is around 30:1 for efficient decomposition. Carbon-rich “brown” materials like dry leaves balance out nitrogen-rich “green” materials such as fruit scraps mentioned earlier.

Aerate Your Compost Pile Regularly

To maintain oxygen levels necessary for decomposition—and prevent foul smells—turn over your compost regularly using a pitchfork or garden tool. This helps accelerate the breakdown process too!

In Conclusion…

Composting is a wonderful way to reduce waste and nourish your plants with nutrient-dense soil. By knowing what foods are suitable for composting, you can make the most of this sustainable practice while avoiding potential issues.

Remember, fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, tea leaves and bags are all excellent additions to your compost pile. However, it’s wise to steer clear of meat products, oily foods, and certain dairy items that may cause problems.

Happy composting!