Discover How to Efficiently Turn Compost into Nutrient-Rich Soil

How to Turn Compost: A Step-by-Step Guide


Composting is a fantastic way to reduce waste and create nutrient-rich soil for your garden. However, it’s important to know how to turn compost properly in order to accelerate the decomposition process and maximize its benefits. This article will provide you with a step-by-step guide on turning compost effectively.

Why Turning Compost is Important:

Turning compost plays a crucial role in the overall process by promoting aeration and accelerating decomposition. By doing so, you can prevent foul odors, discourage pests, and ensure that all organic materials break down uniformly.

The Steps for Turning Compost:

Step 1: Gather Essential Tools:

Before starting the turning process, assemble the necessary tools such as a pitchfork or shovel, gloves for protection against potential debris or insects, and a wheelbarrow if needed.

Step 2: Prepare Your Workspace:

Identify an area where you can easily access your compost pile without damaging any nearby plants or structures. Ensure there is ample space around it for maneuvering tools comfortably.

Step 3: Evaluate Moisture Levels:

Check if your compost has sufficient moisture content by squeezing it gently. It should feel like a damp sponge; moist but not dripping wet. If it feels dry, sprinkle some water evenly throughout the pile using a watering can or hose.

TIP – Avoid overwatering as excessive moisture disrupts proper airflow within the pile.

Step 4: Start Turning from The Outside Inwards:

Begin by removing any large undecomposed materials from the outer edges of your compost pile using your tool of choice (pitchfork or shovel). Set them aside temporarily to be reintroduced later.

Step 5: Mix The Inner and Outer Layers:

Next, take the decomposed portions from the inner core of your compost pile and combine them with the materials you set aside in step four. This helps in redistributing beneficial microbes, nutrients, and moisture throughout the entire heap.

TIP – Aim for a balanced mixture of green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials to maintain optimal composting conditions.

Step 6: Fluff it Up:

Now comes turning! Begin by digging into your pile using a pitchfork or shovel, lifting up large chunks of material while simultaneously introducing fresh air. Gently mix everything together in a crisscross pattern to ensure proper blending.

TIP – Avoid compacting the compost as this hinders air circulation necessary for decomposition.

Step 7: Assess Moisture Levels Again:

After turning your compost thoroughly, recheck its moisture content. If it feels too dry at this point, lightly mist it with water while continuing to turn until adequately moistened.

Step 8: Repeat Regularly:

To accelerate decomposition effectively, repeat this process every two to three weeks or whenever your compost’s internal temperature drops significantly below optimal levels (around 130-140°F/55-60°C). Consistency is key!

The Benefits of Proper Compost Turning:

By following these steps regularly when turning your compost pile:

1. Promotes Decomposition Efficiency: Ensures all organic matter breaks down uniformly.
2. Avoids Unpleasant Odors: Proper aeration reduces anaerobic bacteria responsible for foul smells.
3. Deters Pests: Frequent turning discourages pests by exposing them to light and air, making the compost less appealing.
4. Ensures Balanced Nutrient Distribution: Mixing the layers ensures a more even distribution of beneficial microbes, nutrients, and moisture.
5. Generates High-Quality Compost Faster: By accelerating decomposition rates, you can obtain nutrient-rich compost in a shorter period.


Turning your compost properly is an essential practice for achieving optimal results in your gardening endeavors. By following this step-by-step guide regularly and reaping the numerous benefits mentioned above, you’ll be one step closer to creating rich soil that nourishes your plants while reducing waste effectively. Happy composting!