How to Start Composting and Reduce Waste Successfully

How to Start Composting: Turn Your Waste into Black Gold!

The Basics of Composting

Composting is the process of transforming organic waste materials, such as kitchen scraps and yard trimmings, into nutrient-rich soil. It’s not only a great way to reduce waste but also provides your garden with valuable nourishment. If you’re new to composting, don’t worry! We’ll guide you through the process step by step.

Choosing the Right Location

To start composting, you’ll need to select a suitable location for your compost pile or bin. Find an area in your yard that receives partial sunlight and has good drainage. Keep in mind that placing it too close to your house may attract unwanted pests or odors.

Deciding on a Compost Bin

While having an open pile is perfectly fine, using a compost bin helps contain the materials and speeds up decomposition. There are various options available – from DIY wooden bins to commercially sold plastic containers. Consider factors like size, cost, durability, and aesthetics when choosing the right one for your needs.

Gathering Materials for Composting

Good compost requires a balanced mixture of “green” (nitrogen-rich) and “brown” (carbon-rich) materials:

“Green” Materials:

These include fruit scraps, vegetable peelings, coffee grounds/filters, tea bags/leaves grass clippings.

“Brown” Materials:

Examples of carbon-rich materials are dry leaves/paper/cardboard/shredded newspaper/straw/hay/sawdust/cornstalks.

Remember to avoid adding meat products/sauces/oil/dairy/waste from carnivorous pets as they can attract pests or create unpleasant odors.

The Layering Technique

To achieve proper composting, it’s important to layer your organic waste thoughtfully. A good ratio to follow is about three parts “brown” material for every one part “green” material.

1. Start with a layer of “brown” materials at the bottom of your compost bin.
2. Add a layer of “green” materials on top, ensuring they are evenly distributed.
3. Continue alternating layers until you have used all your compostable waste.
4. Remember to occasionally moisten the pile as you build it up, aiming for a damp sponge-like consistency.

Optimal Maintenance and Turning

Composting is an active process that requires regular maintenance:


Keep your compost pile adequately moist by watering it periodically or utilizing rainwater when available. Avoid over-watering, which can lead to unpleasant smells and hinder decomposition.


To ensure adequate oxygen supply for beneficial microbes that break down the waste, turn or mix your compost regularly using a pitchfork or shovel.


Compost piles generate heat naturally due to microbial activity. Aim for temperatures between 110°F (43°C) and 160°F (71°C). Lower temperatures may slow down decomposition while higher temperatures can kill off helpful organisms.

The Waiting Game: Compost Maturation

After thoroughly mixing and maintaining your compost pile over time (typically several months), the organic materials will decompose into dark brown, crumbly soil – often referred to as “black gold.” This nutrient-rich matter enhances soil structure and fertility in gardens, flower beds, or potted plants.

In Conclusion

Starting composting may seem overwhelming at first glance but following these simple steps will help you establish a successful system that benefits both the environment and your garden! By reducing waste and creating nutrient-rich soil from organic materials, you’re not only contributing to a healthier planet but also reaping the rewards of lush, thriving plants. Get started today and watch your garden flourish!