How to Make Compost Step by Step with Visuals

How to Make Compost Step by Step: A Comprehensive Guide


Composting is a fantastic way to reduce waste, nourish your garden, and promote sustainability. Creating your own compost can be an enriching experience that allows you to recycle kitchen scraps and yard waste into nutrient-rich soil. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll walk you through the process of making compost from start to finish.

Gathering Materials

To begin your composting journey, gather the following materials:

– Organic matter: This includes fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, eggshells, grass clippings, leaves, small branches or twigs.
– Carbon-rich material: Examples include dried leaves or straw.
– Compost bin or pile: Select a suitable container such as a plastic bin with a lid or build an open-air pile in your backyard.


Remember that balancing green (organic) and brown (carbon-rich) materials is crucial for successful decomposition.

Step 1: Choose the Right Location

Selecting the right spot for your compost project is essential. Ensure it’s easily accessible yet not too close to living spaces due to potential odor issues. Ideally, find an area with good drainage and some shade.


Consider placing your compost near a water source for easy moisture management when required.

Step 2: Begin Layering Your Materials

Start by creating a base layer of twigs or straw at the bottom of your chosen compost bin/pile. Then add alternating layers of organic matter (green) and carbon-rich material (brown). Aim for around three parts brown material per one part green material – maintaining this ratio will encourage ideal decomposition conditions.


Chop larger materials into smaller pieces to accelerate the decomposition process.

Step 3: Maintain Moisture Levels

Keeping your compost moist is crucial for microbial activity and decomposition. Regularly check the moisture level by squeezing a handful of material – it should feel like a damp sponge. If it’s too dry, add some water; if too wet, mix in additional carbon-rich materials to improve airflow.


Covering your compost with a tarp or lid can help retain moisture during heavy rainfall or hot weather conditions.

Step 4: Turn Your Compost

To ensure proper air circulation and aid in decomposition, turn your compost pile regularly using a pitchfork or shovel. This process helps break down larger chunks into finer particles while facilitating even distribution of heat and organic matter throughout the pile.


Turning your compost every two weeks will expedite the breakdown process.

Step 5: Monitor and Adjust as Needed

Regularly monitor your compost’s progress. You’ll notice changes over time such as temperature increase, reduction in volume, earthy smell, and dark brown color – indicating successful decomposition. Adjust the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by adding more greens (nitrogen) or browns (carbon) if needed to maintain an optimal balance.


Avoid adding meat scraps, dairy products, oily substances, pet waste or diseased plants to prevent potential issues such as odor problems or attracting pests.

In Conclusion

Composting is an eco-friendly practice that not only reduces our impact on landfills but also produces nutrient-rich soil for gardening purposes. By following this step-by-step guide on how to make compost from start to finish using everyday household waste items and maintaining essential factors like moisture levels and turning frequency, you’ll soon be rewarded with high-quality compost to enhance your garden’s health and vitality. Start composting today and contribute positively to the environment while reaping the benefits of sustainable living!