How to Compost Manure for a Healthy and Sustainable Garden

How to Compost Manure: A Step-by-Step Guide

Gardening enthusiasts and eco-conscious individuals are increasingly turning to composting as a sustainable way to enrich their soil. Composting manure is an excellent choice for those seeking organic fertilizers that promote healthy plant growth. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of composting manure, from selecting the right materials to maintaining the perfect balance of nutrients.

1. Choose Your Manure Wisely

Not all types of manure are suitable for composting, so it’s important to pick the right one. Organic options like cow, horse, chicken, or sheep manure work best since they provide a rich source of nitrogen and other essential nutrients without harmful chemicals.

2. Gather Additional Ingredients

To create well-balanced compost with optimal nutrient content and microbial activity, mix your chosen manure with other organic materials such as dry leaves or straw (carbon-rich) and kitchen scraps (nitrogen-rich). This combination helps maintain the ideal carbon-to-nitrogen ratio in your compost pile.

3. Prepare Your Composting Area

Select a suitable site for your compost pile or bin – preferably on level ground with good drainage. Ensure easy access while considering factors such as sunlight exposure and proximity to water sources.

Avoid placing your composter:

  • Near trees or plants that may have aggressive roots;
  • In areas prone to excessive heat or extreme cold;
  • Where strong odors might become an issue for neighbors.

4. Build Your Compost Pile in Layers

Create layers using alternating thin sections of manure and other organic materials. This layering technique helps aerate the pile, allowing for proper decomposition. Aim to maintain a balanced mix of green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials.

5. Moisture Management

To ensure effective composting, monitor the moisture levels in your pile regularly. It should feel like a damp sponge when squeezed; add water if it’s too dry or more dry leaves if it becomes too wet.


Avoid overwatering as excessive moisture can lead to unpleasant odors or an anaerobic environment.

6. Turn Your Compost Pile

Mixing or turning your compost every few weeks helps speed up the breakdown process by introducing oxygen into different parts of the pile. Use a pitchfork or shovel to carefully turn over the layers, ensuring they are well-mixed.

7. Patience is Key

The length of time required for composting varies depending on factors such as temperature, moisture levels, and material types used. Generally, you can expect mature compost within 6 months to a year.


  • Avoid adding fresh manure directly to plants – let it fully decompose before using;
  • If your pile emits strong odors or attracts pests, adjust its carbon-to-nitrogen ratio;
  • For faster decomposition rates during cooler months, consider insulating your compost with straw bales;
  • Add finished compost to gardens in spring or fall for maximum benefits.

By following these simple steps and maintaining regular care for your compost pile, you will soon have nutrient-dense fertilizer that nourishes your plants and reduces your carbon footprint. Composting manure not only helps you recycle organic waste but also promotes a sustainable future for all.