Effortless Apartment Composting: Learn How to Successfully Compost in a Small Space!

How to Compost in an Apartment: A Complete Guide


Living in an apartment shouldn’t stop you from practicing sustainable habits like composting. While it may seem challenging, with a little creativity and the right techniques, anyone can successfully compost even within the confines of their apartment. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the steps of composting in an apartment, ensuring that you contribute to a greener environment.

1. Understanding Apartment Composting Basics

1.1 What is composting?

Composting is the natural process of decomposing organic waste materials into nutrient-rich soil called “compost.” It involves collecting food scraps and other biodegradable items and allowing them to break down over time.

1.2 Benefits of composting

Composting offers numerous benefits both for your indoor plants and the environment as a whole:
– Reduces landfill waste: By diverting organic waste from landfills, you help reduce methane emissions – potent greenhouse gases.
– Creates nutrient-rich soil: Compost enriches soil with vital nutrients that improve plant growth.
– Saves money on fertilizers: Instead of purchasing expensive chemical fertilizers, use free homemade compost.

1.3 Types of indoor compost systems

There are several types of indoor compost systems suitable for apartments:
– Vermicomposting: Uses worms (red wigglers or earthworms) to break down organic matter quickly.
– Bokashi bins: Utilizes bacteria fermentation to decompose kitchen scraps efficiently.
– Electric compactors: Convert food waste into safe-to-handle pellets using heat and pressure.

2. Getting Started with Indoor Composting

2.1 Assess your space limitations

Before choosing a specific indoor system, consider the available space in your apartment. Determine whether you have a balcony, patio, or simply enough room indoors for a composting setup.

2.2 Choosing the right composting system

Depending on your space limitations and personal preferences, select the most suitable indoor composting system:
– Vermicomposting suits small spaces and is ideal for apartments with minimal outdoor access.
– Bokashi bins are compact and odor-free, making them perfect for apartments without outdoor options.
– Electric compactors require electricity but provide an efficient solution if you lack time or green space.

2.3 Collecting compostable materials

Gather kitchen scraps such as fruit peels, vegetable trimmings, coffee grounds, eggshells, and even shredded newspaper. Avoid adding meat products or oily items that may attract pests.

3. Setting Up Your Indoor Compost System

3.1 Preparing the container

Choose a suitable container according to your chosen method – a plastic bin with air holes for vermicomposting or specialized bokashi bins as necessary.

3.2 Layering carbon-rich “browns” and nitrogen-rich “greens”

Create a balanced ratio of carbon-rich “browns” (dried leaves, shredded paper) and nitrogen-rich “greens” (kitchen scraps). Aim for approximately three parts browns to one part greens to ensure proper decomposition.

4. Maintaining Your Indoor Compost System

4.1 Air circulation and moisture control

Proper airflow is essential to prevent unpleasant odors from developing within your apartment while maintaining optimal moisture levels facilitates decomposition processes effectively.

Air Circulation:

Ensure sufficient ventilation by poking holes in the container lid or using containers designed specifically for composting.

Moisture Control:

Maintain a damp, but not overly wet, environment. Sprinkle water over the compost pile regularly to keep it moist.

4.2 Monitoring and adjusting

Regularly check on your compost system to ensure it remains balanced and healthy. Adjust the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio by adding more browns or greens as needed.

5. Harvesting Your Apartment Compost

5.1 Vermicomposting harvest

Once the worms have transformed most of the organic matter into rich vermicompost, separate them from the finished product using various methods like light exposure or migration techniques.

5.2 Bokashi bins harvest

After fermentation is complete, bury bokashi pre-compost in a garden bed or outdoor planter for an additional two weeks before planting directly into it.


Successfully composting in an apartment requires understanding the basics of indoor compost systems, choosing an appropriate method according to space limitations, collecting suitable materials, setting up and maintaining your container properly, and finally harvesting your nutrient-rich compost when ready. By following these steps diligently, you can actively contribute towards sustainability while enjoying all its benefits right within your own apartment!