How to Compost for Beginners – Easy Steps and Tips

The Basics of Composting for Beginners


Composting is an eco-friendly and cost-effective way to reduce waste, improve soil health, and help the environment. Whether you have a small backyard or live in an apartment with limited space, composting can be easily adopted by beginners. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of composting from start to finish.

1. Understanding the Benefits of Composting

Reducing Waste and Landfill Impact

By composting your organic waste, such as food scraps and yard trimmings, you divert it from landfills where it releases harmful greenhouse gases during decomposition. This helps reduce methane emissions while significantly reducing the impact on landfill sites.

Improving Soil Health

Compost acts as a natural fertilizer that enhances soil structure and fertility. Adding compost to your garden beds or potted plants improves moisture retention, promotes beneficial microbial activity, increases nutrient availability for plants, and reduces the need for synthetic fertilizers.

2. Getting Started: Essential Tools and Materials

A Compost Bin or Pile

Choose a suitable container or designate an area in your backyard for creating a compost pile based on available space. Various options ranging from ready-made bins to DIY structures are available in stores or online.

Brown (Carbon-Rich) Materials:

Collect dry leaves, twigs, shredded paper/cardboard (non-glossy), straw/hay (chemical-free), sawdust (untreated), or dried grass clippings as brown materials that provide carbon necessary for proper decomposition.


Avoid using treated wood products like sawdust that may contain chemicals harmful to plants.

Green (Nitrogen-Rich) Materials:

Include fruit and vegetable scraps, coffee grounds, tea leaves/bags, fresh grass clippings (in moderation), plant trimmings, and other green materials that provide nitrogen essential for composting.


Avoid including meat, dairy products, oily foods or pet waste as these can attract pests and slow down the decomposition process.

3. Building Your Compost Pile

The Layering Technique

Start by layering 50% brown materials with 50% green materials to create a balanced compost pile. Each layer should be around 6-8 inches thick.

Aeration and Moisture

Regularly turn or mix the pile to introduce oxygen which aids in decomposition. Keep the compost moist like a damp sponge; if it becomes too dry or soggy, adjust moisture levels accordingly.

4. Maintaining Your Compost Pile

Turning the Pile

To accelerate decomposition and prevent odors caused by anaerobic breakdowns, turn your compost pile every few weeks using a pitchfork or shovel.

Maintaining Proper Moisture Levels

Check moisture levels regularly by squeezing a handful of compost material – it should feel moist but not drenched. Adjust watering accordingly to maintain optimal conditions for microbial activity.

5. Harvesting Your Finished Compost

Patience is Key

(the average time required)


The duration of composting varies based on factors such as temperature, ingredients used, turning frequency etc., but typically takes anywhere from two months to one year. Patience is key during this process!