How to Make Compost Like a Pro!

How Do You Make Compost?

The Benefits of Composting

Composting is a wonderful and sustainable way to reduce waste and create nutrient-rich soil for your garden. It’s not only environmentally friendly but also cost-effective, as it reduces the need for chemical fertilizers or store-bought compost. In this blog post, we will guide you through the process of making compost in an easy and efficient manner.

Gather Suitable Materials

To start your composting journey, collect organic materials that are suitable for decomposition. These include kitchen scraps like fruit peels, vegetable trimmings, coffee grounds, crushed eggshells, and yard waste such as grass clippings, leaves, and small branches. Avoid adding meat products or dairy items to prevent attracting pests.

Green vs Brown Materials

Organic matter can be categorized into two main types: green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials. Green materials provide nitrogen necessary for decomposition while brown ones offer carbon for energy.

Examples of green materials are fresh grass clippings or kitchen scraps rich in moisture content. On the other hand, brown materials encompass dry leaves or straw which helps maintain airflow within the pile.

To achieve a healthy balance between green and brown components in your compost heap or bin:

– Aim for roughly equal parts by weight.
– Mix them well to promote proper decomposition.
– Keep adding both types gradually over time to maintain equilibrium.

Create Your Compost Pile

Now that you have gathered suitable organic material let’s move on to creating your compost pile!

1. Choose a Location:
Find an appropriate location in your backyard where water drainage is good yet somewhat protected from extreme weather conditions like excessive heat or heavy rainfalls.

2. Prepare the Ground:
Clear away any debris or vegetation at the chosen spot. It’s beneficial to place a layer of twigs or straw at the base to improve airflow.

3. Layering:
Start by adding a layer of brown material about 6-8 inches deep, followed by green materials of similar depth. Keep alternating between brown and green layers until you have used up all your organic waste.

4. Moisture Management:
Ensure that your compost pile remains moist but not soaking wet throughout the decomposition process. If it gets too dry, water it lightly using a garden hose or sprinkle with some water occasionally.

5. Aeration:
To facilitate decomposition, turn or mix the compost pile every few weeks using a pitchfork or shovel. This allows for oxygen penetration and prevents unpleasant odors from forming.

Compost Maintenance

Maintaining your compost heap is crucial for optimal results:

1. Monitor Moisture Levels:
Regularly check moisture levels within the pile to ensure it stays damp but not overly saturated.

2. Temperature Check:
Composting generates heat as microorganisms break down organic matter; therefore, your pile should feel warm when touched (around 110°F). If it becomes excessively hot, consider turning more frequently to regulate temperature.

3. Time Factors:
Depending on various factors like climate, size of the pile, and materials used – composting can take anywhere from several months to over a year before being ready for use in your garden.

Using Your Finished Compost

Once your compost has turned into dark brown crumbly soil-like substance with an earthy smell – congratulations! You now have rich homemade fertilizer for gardening purposes!

1.Remove Uncomposted Materials:
Before applying finished compost onto beds or potted plants, sift through it using a mesh screen or simply pick out any large unbroken pieces that haven’t decomposed yet.

2.Application Techniques:
Spread approximately one to three inches of compost over existing soil or mix it into planting holes. Incorporating compost into your garden will improve soil structure, water retention, and nutrient availability.

3. Continue Composting:
Don’t forget to continue adding organic materials in layers for an ongoing supply of fresh compost!


Composting can be a rewarding experience that not only helps reduce waste but also provides you with high-quality organic fertilizer for your garden. By following the simple steps outlined in this guide, you can easily create your own rich, nutrient-dense compost pile and contribute to a greener future!