Can You Compost Meat and Bones Successfully?

Can You Compost Meat and Bones? A Comprehensive Guide

In recent years, composting has gained immense popularity as a sustainable method to reduce waste and create nutrient-rich soil for gardening. While most people are aware that fruit peels, vegetable scraps, and yard trimmings can be composted, there is often confusion surrounding the compostability of meat and bones. In this blog post, we will delve into the topic and provide you with a comprehensive guide on whether or not you can compost meat and bones.

The Basics of Composting

Before diving into the specifics of meat and bone composting, let’s quickly review the basics of traditional backyard composting. Composting is an organic process where microorganisms break down biodegradable materials such as food scraps, leaves, grass clippings, coffee grounds, paper products (without colored ink), and more. The result is a dark brown substance called humus or “black gold,” which serves as an excellent natural fertilizer for plants.

Why People Are Unsure About Composting Meat and Bones

The hesitation around adding meat and bones to the compost pile stems from concerns regarding pests’ attraction (including rodents) due to their high protein content. Additionally, some worry about potential odors resulting from decomposition.

Composting Meat: An Overview

H3 class=”seo”>Is it possible?

Yes! Technically speaking, you can add small amounts of cooked or uncooked meat to your home compost heap under certain conditions.

H3 class=”seo”>The Process:

  1. Cut up any large pieces of meat into smaller portions – this helps speed up decomposition.
  2. Bury the smaller portions in your existing compost pile, ensuring they are at least 8 inches below the surface. This helps deter pests from being attracted to the smell.
  3. Cover the meat scraps with a layer of high-carbon materials such as dry leaves or wood chips. This will help balance the nitrogen-rich content of the meat.
  4. Maintain proper composting conditions by turning your pile regularly and keeping it moist

Things to Avoid:

H4 class=”seo”>High Amounts:

Avoid adding large quantities of meat as this can disrupt the balance in your compost and increase the risk of attracting unwanted pests.

H4 class=”seo”>Fatty Meat:

It is recommended to avoid composting fatty meats due to their slow decomposition rate and increased potential for odor issues.

Composting Bones: A Closer Look

Small Bones vs. Large Bones:

H4 class=”seo”>Small bones (e.g., chicken wings, fishbones):

You can add small bones directly into your compost bin, especially if they have been thoroughly cooked or crushed beforehand. Smaller bones break down more easily during decomposition.

H4 class=”seo”>Large bones (e.g., beef or pork):

Larger bones take longer to decompose and may not fully break down in home composting systems unless you take additional measures. Consider alternatives like burying them deep within your garden beds where natural soil organisms will eventually break them down over time.

The Alternative – Bokashi Composting Method

If you have concerns about pest attraction or want a faster breakdown process for meat and bones, you may consider using the bokashi composting method.

H4 class=”seo”>Bokashi Composting:

Bokashi composting is an anaerobic process that uses beneficial microorganisms to ferment organic waste, including meat and bones. Start by placing your food scraps in a special container called a bokashi bucket, sprinkle it with a layer of bran inoculated with these microorganisms, and seal the container tightly. Leave it to ferment for two weeks before burying or digging it into your soil. This technique allows for faster decomposition without attracting pests or causing foul odors.


In summary, while composting meat and bones requires some additional considerations compared to typical kitchen scraps and yard waste, it is possible under certain conditions. By adhering to proper guidelines such as burying them deep within your compost pile or utilizing alternative methods like bokashi composting, you can successfully incorporate small amounts of meat and bones into your home’s sustainable waste management system. Remember that moderation is key when adding high protein materials to ensure balance in your compost pile while avoiding unwanted pest problems.

Happy eco-friendly gardening!